TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

NAME: BRIEF HISTORY OF MAJORCA

It is believed that in the year 7000 BC the human being first stepped on Majorca. There are remains of the Talayotic era in almost all municipalities. Phoenicians and Greeks inhabited this island and many wrecks and vessels have been found at the bottom of the Majorcan coast.

Mallorca's history began to be written in capitals, with the conquest ordered by Quintus Caecilius Metellus. The extended period of Romanization has left us gems such as the Roman City of Pollentia (Alcudia).

Then the domination and conquest of the Byzantine Empire came and later on the Islamic civilization: castles, walled cities, mosques, pottery…

Medina Mayurca, today center of Palma, was during the Islamic period a great center of defense-related activities and commercial activities related to the sea. In 1229 Mallorca's history took a sharp turn. King Jaume I conquered the island.

King Jaume I introduced Christianity, a different economic model and an unknown language, Catalan. It was a time of calm and peace King James II succeeded his father and there were conflicts with the Crown of Aragon. The Cathedral of Palma, the Bellver Castle, the palaces of the Almudaina, and the fortifications of Alcudia or Capdepera are all constructions of this time.

In 1343 Pedro IV the Ceremonious invaded Majorca. The Majorcan turned away from Jaume III and the king died in the Battle of Llucmajor. From that moment, Majorca became part of the Crown of Aragon, which joined the Crown of Castile by the marriage of Fernando and Isabel. It was the beginning of the end. Majorca fell into decline. The Catholic Monarchs had an eye on the new world, America.

Noble and powerful merchants manage with large estates and the peasants became workers for them. With the War of Succession (XVIII century) and, years later, the Nova Planta decrees, Majorca lost its autonomy and institutions.

Comentarios

Leave a Reply